Tres golpes contra la guerra de las drogas

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO – En los dos últimos meses, ha habido cambios más transcendentales en el escenario de la política relativa a las drogas en Latinoamérica y en los Estados Unidos que en todos los decenios anteriores combinados. Se han producido tres cambios fundamentales, cada uno de los cuales sería importante por sí solo; juntos, pueden constituir un factor decisivo que por fin ponga fin a la fracasada guerra contra las drogas en este hemisferio.

En primerísimo lugar, la celebración de los referéndums sobre la legalización de la marihuana en los estados de Colorado y Washington de los EE.UU. el pasado 6 de noviembre. Por primera vez, unos votantes en el país que es el mayor consumidor de drogas ilegales en general y de marihuana en particular aprobaron propuestas para legalizar la posesión, la producción y la distribución de cannabis… y con márgenes relativamente amplios.

Si bien una iniciativa similar fracasó en Oregón y la Propuesta 19 (que pedía una legalización limitada de la cannabis) fue derrotada en California en 2010 (por siete puntos porcentuales), los resultados en Colorado y Washington enviaron un mensaje contundente al resto de los EE.UU. Dichos resultados no sólo ha creado un conflicto entre la legislación federal de los EE.UU. y la de los estados, sino que, además, indican un cambio en las actitudes no desemejantes de la relativa al matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo.

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