Три удара по борьбе с наркотиками

МЕХИКО – Последние два месяца вместили в себя больше далеко идущих изменений на сцене контроля над наркотиками в Латинской Америке и Соединенных Штатах, нежели все предыдущие десятилетия. Произошло три фундаментальных сдвига, каждый из которых сам по себе несет серьезные последствия, а все вместе они могут послужить причиной завершения провальной войны с наркотиками целого полушария.

Первым и самым главным является проведение 6 ноября референдумов по легализации марихуаны в американских штатах Колорадо и Вашингтон. Впервые избиратели в стране, которая в общем является крупнейшим в мире потребителем запрещенных наркотиков, и марихуаны в частности, утвердили предложение о легализации владения, производства и распространения конопли, причем в довольно широких масштабах.

В то время как аналогичная инициатива потерпела неудачу в штате Орегон, а в Калифорнии в 2010 году потерпело неудачу (с перевесом в семь процентов) Предложение 19 (в котором содержится призыв к ограниченной легализации конопли), результаты в Колорадо и Вашингтоне послали мощный сигнал всем Соединенным Штатам. Результаты этих референдумов не только создали конфликт между федеральным законодательством США и законами штата, но и обозначили сдвиг во взглядах, схожий со сдвигом в вопросе однополых браков.

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