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Деконструирование деглобализации

ПРИНСТОН – Яростная риторика президента США Дональда Трампа и его советников по вопросам торговли и иммиграции заставили некоторых задуматься о том, не оказалась ли глобализация под угрозой в современную эпоху. Если это так, еще более уместный вопрос заключается в том, будет ли ее конец сопровождаться насилием.

На фондовых рынках продолжает нарастать нервозность из-за воспоминаний о тех моментах в прошлом, когда международной  экономической интеграции был дан обратный ход. Новые торговые войны или военные конфликты вполне могут разрушить сложные коммерческие взаимосвязи, которые обеспечивали процветание со времен второй мировой войны.

В предыдущих эпизодах деглобализации катастрофические события, такие как первая мировая война или финансовый крах 1929 года, нарушали потоки товаров, финансов и людей, связывавшие страны воедино. Одним из результатов этих кризисов было то, что национальная принадлежность и гражданство становились ключевыми компонентами политической и общественной жизни.

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