Климат и конкурентоспособность

БЕРЛИН – Хотя долговой кризис в Европе постепенно исчезает, вырисовывается другое экономическое бедствие – стоимость энергии. С начала 2000 годов средние цены на электроэнергию для европейской промышленности примерно удвоились, и сегодня европейские компании платят за газ вдвое больше, чем их конкуренты в США. Не разрушает ли промышленную базу Европы ее амбициозная политика по сохранению климата, в соответствии с которой надо платить гораздо больше за «плохие» источники энергии?

На первый взгляд кажется, что эти цифры подтверждают мнение пессимистов. Как может не повлиять такая большая разница в ценах энергии на конкурентоспособность? Но если завышенные цены на энергию ведут к снижению экспорта, то как получилось, что Германия, гордящаяся своей наиболее амбициозной политикой в области сохранения климата, удвоила свой экспорт с 2000 года?

В действительности же практика показывает, что во многих случаях снижение углекислотных выбросов может помочь сделать промышленность более конкурентоспособной. Использование этого потенциала может создать существенные возможности не только в борьбе с изменением климата, но и способствовать долгосрочному упрочнению экономики Европы.

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