气候与竞争力

发自柏林——随着欧洲债务危机的消退,另一场经济灾难似乎迫在眉睫——能源价格。21世纪初至今,欧洲工业的平均电价大概已经翻了一番,目前欧洲企业正在使用的天然气价格相当于其美国竞争对手的两倍。是欧洲雄心勃勃的气候政策——试图增加使用“坏”能源的成本——毁坏了欧洲大陆的工业基础吗?

乍一看,数据似乎倾向于那些悲观的预言者。如此巨大的价格差距怎能不影响竞争力呢?但是,如果说能源价格高企导致了出口下降,那拥有某些世界上最激进气候政策的德国又如何从2000年起出口量增加了一倍

事实上,经验证据表明,在许多情况下,进一步减少二氧化碳的排放量可能有助于提升产业竞争力。开发这一潜能可以带来很多机遇,不仅能应对气候变化,同时也促进欧洲经济的长期稳定性。

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