El trastorno democrático de Tailandia

BANGKOK – En muchos países, como Tailandia, Turquía y Ucrania, la relación entre las mayorías gobernantes y las minorías electorales se ha vuelto explosiva, amenazando con socavar la legitimidad de la democracia misma. Así ocurre con la actual crisis que tiene por escenario a Bangkok, donde una minoría política se ha lanzado a las calles para derribar el gobierno democráticamente electo de la Primera Ministro Yingluck Shinawatra.

El Partido para los Tailandeses (Pheu Thai Party, o PTP) de Yingluck alcanzó una clara mayoría en las elecciones generales de 2011, obteniendo 265 de los 500 escaños de la cámara de diputados. Sin embargo, el Partido Democrático, que obtuvo 159 escaños, principalmente de Bangkok y el sur del país, ha estado organizando protestas en la capital. En la práctica se trata de un intento de golpe por parte del llamado “Comité Popular para la Reforma Democrática”, encabezado por el ex diputado del PD Suthep Thaugsuban y apoyado por los círculos más tradicionales de Bangkok.

Las protestas comenzaron cuando el gobierno intentó promulgar leyes de amnistía que habrían excarcelado al ex Primer Ministro Thaksin Shinawatra, hermano de Yingluck  y fundador del PTP, que fuera derrocado por el ejército en 2006 por acusaciones de corrupción y abuso de poder. (También habrían invalidado los cargos de homicidio contra el líder del Partido Democrático, el ex Primer Ministro Abhisit Vejjajiva). No obstante, el intento subsiguiente de Yingluck de retroceder en cuanto a la amnistía no logró disuadir a la oposición.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/eaIxsej/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now