UK passport Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

Тереза Мэй и её граждане, лишённые страны

ВЕНА – Премьер-министр Британии Тереза Мэй по своей воле лишила собственную Консервативную партию правящего парламентского большинства, объявив досрочные выборы. А если Мэй останется премьер-министром, то она ещё и лишит британских граждан политических и экономических прав, гарантируемых членством в Евросоюзе. Привычка Мэй лишать людей их прав не является чем-то новым: за несколько лет она превратила в норму практику лишения британцев гражданства, даже несмотря на риск их превращения в ничейных лиц без гражданства.

Во время только что завершившейся избирательной кампании в Великобритании Мэй пообещала изменить или отменить любые законы о правах человека, который «стоят на пути» борьбы с терроризмом. Это реальная угроза: именно Мэй является пионером практики лишения людей гражданства, совершаемого обычно во имя национальной безопасности, но иногда и в виде символического наказания.

Лишение гражданства – это аморально и неэффективно. У подобных методов мрачная история. В XX веке тоталитарные государства установили рекорд по количеству людей, лишённых гражданства (так называемая денатурализация): в одном только СССР без гражданства остались 1,5 млн человек.

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