A la recherche d’une croissance mondiale

NEWPORT BEACH – Quelle priorité économique la plus urgente ont en commun des pays aussi différents que le Brésil, la Chine, Chypre, la Corée du Sud, les Etats-Unis, la France, la Grèce, l’Islande, l’Irlande, le Portugal et le Royaume-Uni ?

Ce n’est pas la dette, ni les déficits. Et ce n’est pas non plus d’avoir à résoudre les conséquences de prêts et emprunts irresponsables. Certes, ces questions sont pertinentes, et dans certains cas, urgentes. Mais le principal défi auquel ces pays sont confrontés est le développement de modèles de croissance qui génèrent plus d’emplois, bien rémunérés et sûrs, alors que s’opère un réalignement séculaire de l’économie mondiale.

Pour des raisons à la fois pratiques et théoriques, ce défi ne sera pas relevé rapidement ou facilement. Et lorsqu’il le sera, le processus a toutes les chances d’être partiel et inégal, accentuant les différences et posant des problèmes délicats de coordination aux plans national, régional et mondial.

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