世界最大的缓冲器

        慕尼黑-从去年秋天开始,就有许多英美经济学家,特别是2008诺贝尔经济学奖获得者保罗·克鲁格曼(Paul Krugman),批评德国在对抗世界经济危机方面做得不够,并指责德国搭乘其他国家经济刺激计划的顺风车。最近,《金融时报》质问那些支持德国经济政策的德国经济学家哪里去了,并推测说,这些德国经济学家不同意德国政府的政策,但是他们太懦弱了,不敢公开说出来,这符合德国“共识社会”的传统。《金融时报》的这种议论,从一个德国人的角度看来,是对事实的可笑的颠倒。

        德国已经实施了两项经济刺激计划,用于刺激经济的资金达到了800亿欧元,占德国GDP的3.2%,其中,在2009年用掉的资金占德国GDP 的1%。乍一看来,德国用于刺激经济的资金确实是比美国的要少,因为美国用于经济刺激计划的资金占美国GDP的6.2%,而且在2009年用掉的资金占美国GDP的2%。但是,这种印象是具有欺骗性的,因为德国通过其具有内在弹性的广泛的社会保障体系,已经为世界经济的稳定作出了贡献。

        事实上,德国充裕的失业保险,保证了人们即使在失业的情况下,也可以保持其消费水平不下降。德国甚至为公司减少员工的工作时间提供短期补贴,从而使国家部分地补偿了这些员工减少的收入。如果德国没有这种短期补贴,德国2009年的平均失业人数要比现在的多300,000人。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/2XnoqNk/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.