La guerra de las palabras

En la actualidad, se consideran las palabras una causa de inestabilidad. La violenta reacción habida el año pasado ante las caricaturas del profeta Mahoma publicadas en un periódico danés recibió una respuesta occidental confusa, en la que los gobiernos se trabucaron al intentar explicar lo que se debe permitir hacer y lo que no a los medios de comunicación en nombre de la sátira política. Después el Irán jugó una baza contra Occidente al patrocinar una conferencia de negadores del Holocausto, declaración castigada en casi toda Europa por considerarla delictiva.

Como bien saben los turcos, es peligroso adoptar una posición sobre el genocidio armenio de 1915. El más reciente premio Nobel de literatura, Orhan Pamuk, fue procesado en Estambul por negar la historia turca oficial, al decir que el genocidio armenio ocurrió efectivamente. Otros turcos han tenido que afrontar su procesamiento en la Europa occidental por decir que no ocurrió.

De modo que ahora las palabras son claramente un campo de batalla en el conflicto cultural entre el Islam y Occidente. Ahora este último sabe que, como simple autocensura y no por fiat legal, los periódicos y otros medios de comunicación no difundirán imágenes críticas de Mahoma y el Papa no volverá a hacer observaciones críticas sobre el islam, pero a esos gestos de cooperación con las sensibilidades musulmanas no han correspondido gestos recíprocos.

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