Стена, преграждающая путь к мирному урегулированию

План мирного урегулирования между израильтянами и палестинцами изобилует множеством кровавых обходных путей. Лишь немногие израильтяне ожидают, что премьер-министр Палестины Махмуд Аббас сможет обеспечить безопасность Израиля или провести далеко идущие политические и финансовые реформы. Лишь немногие палестинцы верят в то, что премьер-министр Израиля Ариель Шарон предоставит им то, чего они желают: заморозит строительство и расширение поселений и в конечном итоге обеспечит создание действительно суверенного палестинского государства на смежной территории.

В опросе мнения относительно этого плана, проведенного Яковом Шамиром из Еврейского университета и мною в Израиле и Палестине, было установлено, что только 15% палестинцев согласны с тем, что Шарон будет придерживаться обязательств, взятых на себя Израилем, и только 30% израильтян верят в то, что Абу Мазен будет соблюдать обязательства, которые взяла на себя Палестинская сторона.

Безопасность остается критическим компонентом первой фазы плана для обеих сторон. Чтобы этот план состоялся, от палестинцев требуется предпринять шаги, направленные на то, чтобы положить конец насилию. Одним из предшествующих достижений палестинцев было достижение соглашения по прекращению огня со всеми группировками, включая Хамас и Исламский джихад (хотя обе группировки оставили за собой право мстить за «целенаправленные убийства» их лидеров).

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