Исчезнувший интеллектуал

Этой весной отмечается столетие со дня рождения двух разносторонних интеллектуалов, этих идеологических олицетворений эры Холодной Войны, Раймонда Арона и Жана-Поля Сартра. Арон родился 14 марта 1905 г., Сартр - 21 июня.

Сартр и Арон начали свое 50-летнее знакомство с общим элитным французским образованием, которое включало в себя период формирования в Германии, как раз перед подъемом Нацизма. Каждый своим неподражаемым способом проявил своеволие, как любимое, так и презираемое в интеллектуалах: Арону нравился англо-американский либерализм до того, как он вошел в моду, в то время как Сартр остался сторонником коммунизма после того, как мода прошла.

Арон писал сухую, льстивую прозу о самых горячих геополитических конфликтах, в то время как Сартр мог превратить любую банальность в экзистенциальный кризис. И все же часто они держались вместе против французских политических правящих кругов. Оба присоединились к Оппозиции, когда Франция была Нацистским марионеточным государством, и оба призывали к независимости Алжира после того, как Франция восстановила свой суверенитет.

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