朝鲜局势考验中美关系

马德里——朝鲜一而再、再而三的威胁已经让朝鲜半岛成为全世界最危险的热点之一。但朝鲜局势同样面临着重要机遇:中美两个能永久化解半岛紧张局势的国家可以藉此增强战略互信。如果两国建设性合作实现各方能共同接受的和平,就可以巩固半岛、地区乃至整个世界的安全局势。

退出核不扩散条约十年后,朝鲜显然已经掌握了核武器。朝鲜政权2月举行的2006年以来第三次核试验很可能涉及小型装置,鉴于小型化对弹道导弹运载核武器的重要意义,此次核试让整个局势变得更加扑朔迷离。

2月核试招致了由美中两国起草的又一轮联合国制裁,并由此引发朝鲜的威胁和挑衅进一步升级。一年一度的美韩联合军演进一步恶化了半岛紧张局势,美国能发射核武器的B-52和B-2轰炸机参与​​演习则更是如此。

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