Dean Rohrer

没有结束的冷战

莫斯科——11月将迎来柏林墙倒塌二十周年纪念日。但事实证明欧洲对峙的终结可能只是暂时现象。去年夏天格鲁吉亚战争一年后,原有的分裂似乎又以新形式重新浮出水面。尽管人们宣称欧洲冷战已经结束,但真实情况是,冷战从未真正退出历史舞台。

苏联当时从中东欧撤军的时候,我们俄国人相信北约不会向我们撤出的国家和地区扩张。我们希望与欧洲实现统一,建立“欧洲共同家园”,缔造一个“团结而又自由”的欧洲。我们的希望并非不切实际的自欺欺人。毕竟,美国和德国领导人曾经对米哈伊尔·戈尔巴乔夫亲口承诺北约绝不会向东扩张。

起初在战胜共产主义之后,俄国人认为自己是胜利者。但这种愉快情绪持续了几年后,西方的所作所为越来越像冷战的赢家。由苏联造成的潜在“军事威胁”消失得无影无踪之后,持续不断的北约东扩浪潮既不符合各方的军事利益,也不符合意识形态方面的要求。

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