Niemandem rechenschaftspflichtig: die G8

NEW YORK: Als Gastgeber des diesjährigen G8-Gipfels der wichtigsten Volkswirtschaften (Deutschland, Frankreich, Großbritannien, Italien, Japan, Kanada, Russland und USA) sprach sich der kanadische Ministerpräsident Stephen Harper für einen „Rechenschaftsgipfel“ aus, auf dem die G8 für die von ihnen im Laufe der Jahre gemachten Versprechen Rechenschaft ablegen sollten. Also lassen Sie uns Bilanz ziehen, wie die G8 sich dabei geschlagen haben. Die Antwort ist leider: durchgefallen. Der diesjährige G8-Gipfel zeigt den Unterschied zwischen Fototermin und ernsthafter Global Governance.

Von all den Versprechen der G8 im Laufe der Jahre wurde das wichtigste 2005 auf dem G8-Gipfel im schottischen Gleneagles gegenüber den Ärmsten der Welt abgegeben. Die G8 versprachen, bis 2010 ihre jährliche Entwicklungshilfe an die Ärmsten der Welt gegenüber 2004 um 50 Milliarden Dollar aufzustocken. Die Hälfte dieses Zuwachses, 25 Milliarden Dollar pro Jahr, sollte nach Afrika gehen.

Die G8 haben dieses Ziel deutlich verfehlt, insbesondere was Afrika abgeht. Die Gesamthilfe stieg statt um 50 um etwa 40 Milliarden Dollar, und die Hilfe für Afrika wuchs um 10-15 Milliarden Dollar pro Jahr, nicht um 25 Milliarden. Bei korrekter Messung ist der Fehlbetrag sogar noch größer, denn die 2005 gemachten Versprechen sahen eine Inflationsbereinigung vor. Effektiv hätte die Gesamthilfe also um etwa 60 Milliarden steigen sollen und die Hilfe gegenüber Afrika um rund 30 Milliarden.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/j3Y1FHc/de;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now