Jon Krause

ООН как средство спасения от глобального потепления

ПАРИЖ. Генеральная Ассамблея Организации Объединенных Наций – единственная в мире организация, в которой все страны голосуют по принципу большинства. Здесь нет требований единогласия или вето, которые могут повлиять на призывы к борьбе с глобальным потеплением. Все же Генеральная Ассамблея - единственное место, где обструкция основных стран – к примеру, Китая и Соединенных Штатов на декабрьских переговорах в Копенгагене по глобальным изменениям климата ‑ может быть преодолена.

Конечно, ООН до настоящего времени играла ведущую роль в вопросах глобального   потепления. «Конференция Сторон» (КС) собиралась почти каждый год, с тех пор как в 1992 году в Рио-де-Жанейро была подписана Рамочная конвенция ООН по глобальному потеплению. Эти встречи являются часто техническими, и обсуждения обычно ведутся на уровне послов. Но иногда требуется, чтобы решения были приняты на уровне министров или даже глав государств и правительств. Это имело место в Киото в 1997 г. и затем в Копенгагене на К C 15.

Можно было бы напомнить, что многие делегации прибыли в Киото, чтобы принять идею налога на эмиссию парниковых газов или, по крайней мере, углекислого газа, наиболее часто встречающегося в составе парниковых газов. Американская делегация, посланная правительством с намерением сократить вмешательство государства в экономику, была настроена против этой идеи.

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