Tim Brinton

全球信任赤字

纽约—发达国家决策者全神贯注于财政赤字,一直忽略了一个不同但同样关键的问题:发达国家和新兴经济体之间在全球治理上的信任赤字。

几十年来,发达国家IMF和世界银行股东用贷款条件刺激所谓第三世界的经济改革——通常包括有异议的财政紧缩措施。通过务实的持续改革,巴西、中国和印度等国家扭转了经济局面,获得了令人惊异的GDP增长——从1980—1994年间的年均3.5%增至1994年后的年均5.5%。

但是,尽管发展中国家如今占了全球GDP增长的一大半江山,发达国家仍不承认反映它们对世界经济日渐增加的影响力的领导作用。

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