Трансатлантическая игра в «кто виноват?»

Отношения между Америкой и Европой постепенно отравляются различающимися экономическими стратегиями, как будто недостаточно было дипломатической размолвки по поводу Ирака. На самом же деле эти различия между экономическими стратегиями двух сторон сейчас так же остры, как в течение двух последних десятилетий.

На первый взгляд глубина этой «политической пропасти» вызывает удивление. Экономические перспективы на конец этого года и на 2004 улучшились за последнее время, как в США, так и в Европе. Более того, перед США и Европой стоит одинаковая проблема: содействие восстановлению экономического роста. Но действия правительств этих регионов - или отсутствие действий - вынуждают, по-видимому, считать, что ни одна из сторон не видит проблем, которые стоят перед другой.

Когда был введен евро, большинство членов Евросоюза - Германия, в частности - ожидали, что им удастся управлять своими экономическими стратегиями с большей степенью автономности и с меньшим давлением со стороны США. Таким образом, нынешняя структура зоны евро с ее уникальным сочетанием совместной монетарной политики и национальной ответственности за бюджетную политику не была сконструирована таким образом, чтобы способствовать макроэкономической координации с США.

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