La guerra de los tres billones de dólares

NUEVA YORK – Como el 20 de marzo se cumple el quinto aniversario de la invasión del Iraq encabezada por los Estados Unidos, ya es hora de hacer balance de lo ocurrido. En nuestro nuevo libro La guerra de los tres billones de dólares , Linda Bilmes, de la Universidad de Harvard, y yo calculamos por lo bajo el costo económico de la guerra para los Estados Unidos en tres billones de dólares y para el mundo otros tres billones de dólares…  muy superiores a los calculados aproximadamente por el gobierno de Bush antes de la guerra. El equipo de Bush no sólo engañó al mundo sobre los posibles costos de la guerra, sino que, además, ha intentado enturbiar los costos, mientras ésta seguía.

No es de extrañar. Al fin y al cabo, el gobierno de Bush mintió sobre todo lo demás: desde las armas de destrucción en gran escala de Sadam Husein hasta su supuesta vinculación con Al Qaeda. De hecho, sólo después de la invasión encabezada por los EE.UU. pasó a ser el Iraq un caldo de cultivo para terroristas.

El gobierno de Bush dijo que la guerra costaría 50.000 millones de dólares. Los EE.UU. están gastando esa cantidad en el Iraq cada tres meses. Si situamos esa cantidad en su marco, resulta que por una sexta parte del costo de la guerra los EE.UU. podrían dotarse de una base económica sólida para su sistema de seguridad social durante más de medio siglo, sin reducir las prestaciones ni aumentar las contribuciones.

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