Борьба за отделение церкви от государства сегодня и вчера.

Странная ирония заключается в том, что Франция готовится праздновать столетие принятия закона от 9 декабря 1905 года, отделившего церковь от государства, в тот самый момент, когда беспорядки охватили ее города. Но страсти в вопросе отношений церкви и государства сопровождали Францию на протяжении всей ее истории, даже если и нельзя установить прямой связи между недавними бунтами и проявлением французского laicité (светского характера).

Борьба церкви и государства восходит к тому периоду средневековья, когда юристы Филиппа ля Бэля стремились утвердить господство королевской власти над Римско-католической церковью во Франции. Через несколько столетий Французская революция обеспечила свободу совести и вероисповедования во всей Франции.

Неистовый антиклерикализм революционного периода сменился довольно сбалансированными отношениями после заключения в 1801 г. конкордата между Наполеоном и Папой римским Пием 7, который и сейчас действует в Эльзасе и в некоторых районах Лотарингии.

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