El lado débil del "núcleo duro" de Europa

Francia y Alemania solían verse a si mismas como el "núcleo duro" de la Unión Europea, rodeado de círculos concéntricos de socios menos comprometidos. Sólo los otros cuatro miembros fundadores de lo que era la Comunidad Europea (Italia, Bélgica, los Países Bajos y Luxemburgo) eran admitidos dentro del exclusivo círculo de los verdaderos creyentes en Europa.

No hay duda de que la reconciliación entre Francia y Alemania después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial (naciones que alguna vez se percibieron y lucharon entre si como "enemigos hereditarios") ha sido el motor de la integración europea por más de medio siglo. Hoy en día, esa pareja francogermana parece más bien el punto débil de Europa. El motor se ha convertido en un freno.

La traumática experiencia de la desunión occidental acerca de Irak en el Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU, cuando los gobiernos de Jacques Chirac y Gerhard Schröder encabezaron la resistencia a la invasión impulsada por EEUU y el Reino Unido, demostró que el bilateralismo francoalemán tiene efectos secundarios destructivos. La percepción de que pretendían hablar por la totalidad de Europa generó muchos antagonismos en la Unión.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now