Социальные аспекты глобализации

Борьба с терроризмом и война в Ираке в значительной степени отвлекли общественное внимание от вопросов о том, что делать с глобализацией, чтобы она была полезна всем. Новый отчет, выпущенный комитетом по социальным аспектам глобализации Международной организации труда (МОТ) напоминает нам о том, насколько деятельность администрации Буша не соответствует линии на всеобщее согласие.

МОТ является трехсторонней организацией с участием представителей трудящихся, правительства и бизнеса. Комиссия, возглавляемая президентами Финляндии и Танзании, состоит из 24 человек (одним из которых являюсь я) разных национальностей, интересов и убеждений, включая очень разных людей, например главу компании Toshiba и лидера АФТ/КПП. Но даже такая неоднородная группа смогла придти к всеобщему согласию, что глобализация, несмотря на ее положительные возможности, не только не использует их, но в действительности приводит к социальным бедствиям.

Недостаточна ответственность за контроль глобализации - частично отдельных стран, но что более важно, международного сообщества, включая такие институты, как Международный банк реконструкции и развития, Всемирная торговая организация и Международный валютный фонд, ответственных за установление "правил игры." Комиссия достигла согласия по ряду конкретных мер, призванных помочь придать глобализации "человеческое лицо" или, по меньшей мере, смягчить некоторые ее наихудшие последствия.

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