Nejchytřejší způsoby, jak zachránit svět

KODAŇ – Kdybyste měli k dispozici 75 miliard dolarů, které byste mohli utratit během příštích čtyř let, a vaším cílem by bylo zvýšení lidského blahobytu zejména v rozvojovém světě, jak byste mohli získat za své peníze největší možnou hodnotu?

Tuto otázku jsem položil panelu pěti špičkových ekonomů včetně čtyř nositelů Nobelovy ceny v rámci projektu Kodaňský konsensus 2012. Členové panelu byli vybráni díky svým zkušenostem s prioritizací a schopnosti využívat ekonomické principy ke komparaci politických rozhodnutí.

Během posledního roku pak více než 50 ekonomů připravovalo výzkum téměř 40 investičních návrhů v nejrůznějších oblastech, od ozbrojených konfliktů a přírodních katastrof až po hlad, školství a globální oteplování. Týmy, které rozpracovávaly určitou studii, identifikovaly náklady a přínosy nejchytřejších způsobů, jak v dané oblasti utratit peníze. Počátkem května mnohé z nich odcestovaly do Dánska, aby přesvědčily expertní panel o síle svých investičních návrhů.

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