Cinco años en el limbo

NUEVA YORK – Aparentemente, cuando el banco de inversión estadounidense Lehman Brothers colapsó en 2008 y detonó la peor crisis financiera desde la Gran Depresión, se formó un amplio consenso sobre la causa de la crisis.

Un sistema financiero inflado y disfuncional había asignado incorrectamente el capital y, en vez de gestionar el riesgo, lo creó.

 La desregulación financiera –junto con el dinero barato– contribuyó a una excesiva toma de riesgos. Y la política monetaria sería relativamente ineficaz para revivir la economía, incluso si se lograba evitar el colapso total del sistema financiero con dinero más barato aún. Por lo tanto, sería necesaria una mayor dependencia de la política fiscal (un mayor gasto gubernamental).

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