Das Pulverfass Sinai

TEL AVIV– Das Drama in Kairo vom Sonntag scheint die Krise auf der Sinai-Halbinsel in den Schatten gestellt zu haben. Aber die Probleme im Sinai wurden durch den Zivilputsch des ägyptischen Präsidenten Mohamed Morsi gegen General Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, den Oberbefehlshaber der Armee, nicht verringert.

Anfang dieses Monats haben Jihadi-Terroristen eine ägyptische Militärbasis auf dem Sinai hinterrücks überfallen und sechzehn ägyptische Soldaten getötet. Dann haben sie zwei gepanzerte Truppentransporter entführt und sind mit ihnen zur israelischen Grenze gefahren. Eines der Fahrzeuge wurde dort aufgehalten, aber das andere konnte israelisches Gebiet erreichen, wo es von den israelischen Streitkräften gestoppt wurde. Im Gegenzug starteten Ägyptens Militär- und Sicherheitskräfte eine Offensive gegen militante Beduinen im Sinai, und Morsi zwang den Direktor des Geheimdienstes und den Gouverneur des Nordsinai zum Rücktritt.

Diese Vorkommnisse spiegeln die Komplexität der instabilen geopolitischen Landschaft des Nahen Ostens, die Zerbrechlichkeit der politischen Ordnung im Ägypten nach Mubarak und das explosive Potenzial des Sinai wider, der zwar gering besiedelt ist, aber an Israel und die palästinensische Enklave des Gazastreifens grenzt. Seit Husni Mubaraks Amtsenthebung letztes Jahr hat sich die Sicherheitslage im Sinai verschlechtert, und die Region wurde zu einem Nährboden für islamischen Extremismus.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now