新月的阴影

纽约-当巴基斯坦在国家存在的危机中萎缩的时候,一个关于该国家性质的基本问题浮上了水面:这个国家的公民是恰巧为穆斯林的巴基斯坦公民呢,还是恰巧为巴基斯坦人的穆斯林呢?国家和信仰,哪个放在第一位?

这个问题不是所有巴基斯坦人都能坦然回答的。这个国家的所谓的“受过高等教育的精英们”中的绝大多数人毫不犹豫地把自己的身份首先定义为穆斯林,然后才是巴基斯坦人。一些人觉得他们的宗教信仰对他们来说是最重要的,那才是他们最首要的效忠目标。另一些人承认他们的宗教信仰不够坚定,但他们认为巴基斯坦对他们来说已经变得那么次要,以至于他们的宗教信仰超过了他们对国家的忠诚。

甚至在受过高等教育的人群中,人们也愿意把国家的地位放在宗教之下,而这个现象才是巴基斯坦危机的症结所在。如果一个国家的大部分公民都把对祖国的忠诚放在第二位,那你怎么能指望它繁荣昌盛呢?如果“巴基斯坦国的理念还不如巴基斯坦人的理念强烈”,正如著名作家阿克巴尔(M.J. Akba)写道,这个国家怎么能够进步呢?

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/0szYn7Z/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now