La revolución de los servicios

WASHINGTON, DC – China e India están avanzando a toda velocidad económicamente. Pero la manera en que crecen es absolutamente diferente. Mientras que China es un exportador extraordinario de productos manufacturados, India se ganó la reputación a nivel global de exportar servicios modernos. De hecho, India ha pasado por alto el sector industrial y dio un salto de la agricultura directamente a los servicios.

Las diferencias en los patrones de crecimiento de los dos países son asombrosas, y plantean interrogantes importantes para los economistas del desarrollo. ¿Los servicios pueden ser tan dinámicos como la industria? ¿Quiénes llegan más tarde al desarrollo sacan provecho de la creciente globalización del sector de servicios? ¿Los servicios pueden ser un motor de crecimiento sostenido, creación de empleo y reducción de la pobreza?

Vale la pena examinar algunos datos. El tamaño relativo del sector de servicios en India, dado el estado de desarrollo del país, es mucho mayor que en China. A pesar de ser una región de bajos ingresos, India y otros países del sur de Asia han adoptado los patrones de crecimiento de los países de ingresos medios y altos. Sus patrones de crecimiento se asemejan más estrechamente a los de Irlanda e Israel que a los de China y Malasia.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.