Светское и церковное в европейской конституции

Один из споров, вызванный первой редакцией Европейской конституции, обнародованной на этой недели, касается включения ясного упоминания христианского наследия в преамбуле конституции. Сильвио Ферари, известный ученый, занимающийся вопросами взаимоотношения церкви и государства, разбирает данный вопрос.

Несмотря на то, что церкви в Европе пусты, вопросы религии по-прежнему вызывают горячие споры. На этот раз речь идет о месте религии в европейской конституции. Требования, чтобы в конституции упоминалось о христианском наследии Европы заставили Валери Жискара Д'Эстена, председателя конституционной конвенции, обдумать добавление к преамбуле конституции. Другие желают заявить о светском характере власти в Европе. Какая роль должна быть отведена светскому и церковному в основном законе Европы?

Несколько недель назад Конвенция одобрила 37 статью будущей европейской конституции. Вместе со статьей 10 Европейской Хартии Основных Прав, эти две статьи определяют основу отношений между государством и церковью в ЕС.

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