Riqueza soberana verde

PARIS – Al final de 2011, los activos gestionados de fondos soberanos ascendían a tres billones de dólares, gracias a que ese año las 237 inversiones directas ascendieron a 81.000 millones de dólares. Algunos expertos calculan incluso que los activos de fondos soberanos ascienden a seis billones de dólares, lo que significa que dichos activos, avatares del capitalismo de Estado, cuentan ahora con el doble de riqueza que los fondos de cobertura del mundo, los tótems de los excesos del capitalismo liberal.

El valor en aumento de los fondos soberanos está causando preocupación –y en algunos casos incitando a la formulación de críticas virulentas– en particular en los países receptores de la OCDE, donde muchos temen la redistribución del poder financiero, económico y político a los países en ascenso que tienen regímenes políticos muy diferentes de los suyos. En realidad, de los siete fondos soberanos que controlan más de las dos terceras partes de todos los activos de fondos soberanos, tres pertenecen a Asia (uno de China y dos de Singapur) y tres a Oriente Medio (Abu Dhabi, Kuwait y Qatar).

Los países europeos ocupan el primer lugar entre los receptores de inversiones de fondos soberanos, que representan el 40 por ciento del valor de las operaciones en 2011. Los Estados Unidos, donde ha habido mayor oposición a semejantes inversiones, representan menos del diez por ciento.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.