死亡的权力

12月21日,意大利医生马里奥·列奇关闭了维持韦尔比生命的呼吸机。韦尔比此前饱受肌肉萎缩折磨并导致瘫痪,又在意大利法庭上力争死亡的权力未果。在列奇给他镇静剂并关闭呼吸机后,韦尔比向妻子、朋友和医生说了三遍“谢谢”,45分钟过后,他与世长辞。

韦尔比要求死亡一事在意大利有诸多报道,并引发了热烈的讨论。在我写这篇文章的时候,我不清楚列奇是否将会面临指控。至少有一位意大利政治家呼吁以杀人罪逮捕他。

韦尔比提出了需要澄清的两大问题。第一,人们是否有权拒绝维持生命的医疗手段?第二,自愿的安乐死是否在道德上合情合理?

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