Богатые должны сдержать свое слово

Впервые за всю историю человечества мировое сообщество в состоянии искоренить бедность и нужду во всем мире. Абсурдное заявление? Возможно. В конце концов, нищета, кажется, существует повсюду и количество бедняков неуклонно увеличивается по причине мирового экономического спада, роста населения, бесхозяйственности и экономических неудач от Аргентины до Зимбабве. И, тем не менее, я еще раз повторяю свое заявление. Если бы мировое сообщество, в особенности же США и другие богатые страны, направило хотя бы малую часть своих военных расходов на нужды беднейших народов мира, наше поколение смогло бы освободить человечество от железных тисков нищеты.

Я не говорю об относительной бедности, т.е. о практически неизбежном факте, что одни члены общества обеспечены хуже, чем другие, хотя, в некоторой степени, и это варьируется от общества к обществу. Я говорю о той сводящей внутренности, представляющей угрозу для жизни нищеты, когда приходится жить меньше, чем на один доллар в день. В первый раз за всю историю у мирового сообщества есть реальная возможность ликвидировать такие экстремальные условия.

Почему же это стало возможным? Экономический подъем богатых стран мира продолжался на протяжении многих поколений за счет развития и процветания науки и техники. И хотя кажется, что отставание бедных стран, становится все сильнее, правда в этом случае звучит достаточно ободряюще. Многие из так называемых развивающихся стран, особенно в Азии, добились практически невероятных успехов в направлении, уводящем от крайней нищеты.

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