Zrazená revoluce

KYJEV – Ze zasněženého Kyjeva jsem s radostí a obdivem sledovala a sleduji úspěšné revoluce v Káhiře a Tunisu. Egypťané a Tunisané jsou právem hrdí na svou touhu pokojně svrhnout despotické vlády. Jako člověk, který stál v čele pokojné revoluce, však doufám, že tuto hrdost mírní pragmatismus, poněvadž změna režimu je pouze prvním krokem při zavádění demokracie podpořené vládou zákona. Jak totiž nyní dokládá moje země, Ukrajina, jakmile revoluční euforie opadne a vrátí se normálnost, mohou být demokratické revoluce zrazeny a zvráceny.

Prvním ukrajinským ponaučením pro egyptské a tuniské demokraty je skutečnost, že volby ještě nedělají demokracii. Co když nepřátelé svobody využijí voleb k etablování své antidemokratické agendy? Co když elementy starého režimu nebo kádry radikálních menšin pouze předstírají, že si osvojili demokratické normy, aby mohli novou demokracii ukrást?

V dnešní Ukrajině to nejsou abstraktní otázky. Nejenže je šest let po naší oranžové revoluci demokracie v mé zemi v ohrožení, ale vláda zákona je systematicky překrucována a naše státní nezávislost rozprodávána. Hybridní prezidentsko-parlamentní systém, který Ukrajina zavedla v rámci dohody zajišťující pokojný konec naší revoluce, je rozleptáván tak, aby se veškerá politická moc soustředila v rukou údajně demokraticky zvoleného prezidenta.

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