非洲政变重现江湖

纽约——认为撒哈拉以南非洲军事政变时代已经过去的习惯思维可能不过是一厢情愿。 两年来,非洲尼日尔、几内亚、马达加斯加和毛里塔尼亚等国都发生过成功的政变。 另外在其他国家还发生过几次间接干涉、政变失败和暗中威胁事件。

尽管非洲某些国家已经建立民主制度,可是当民主失败、政治僵局形成、贫困民众与宪法权威距离越来越远的时候,政变似乎再次成为解决问题的捷径。 赢得民众支持(或至少是默许)并承诺“恢复民主”的成功政变可能引发政府同样软弱失败的临国群起而仿效。

2月底,在尼日尔首都尼亚美,武装部队包围总统府,在内阁会议进行过程中逮捕了总统马马杜·坦贾。 此事遭到非盟、美国和国际社会其他成员国的抗议,却令尼亚美的普通民众感到欢欣鼓舞。

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