后共产主义的回归

15年前共产主义在中东欧地区的崩溃带来了巨大而且积极的民主变革。但到了2006年,在10年试图让西方接受的艰苦努力之后,共产主义留下的道德和政治真空终于暴露无余。人们能够在民主精神和东欧地区的政治历史和文化下涌动的逆流间找到新的平衡吗?

譬如在波兰,天主教和民族主义导致社会特别排斥共产主义(这肯定与战前捷克斯洛伐克的平等主义和社会民主主义精神背道而驰)。但这种反共产主义抗体同样也阻碍了大多数波兰人接受自由民主制度。

事实上,波兰右翼和斯洛伐克左翼民粹主义者如今都在政府中与极端民族主义者结为联盟。在匈牙利,即使政府赢得了信任投票,主要反对派青年民主党(FIDESZ)仍然在议会门前组织示威活动,要求政府辞职。在捷克共和国,右翼少数派政府在长达6个月的争论后也未能在议会的信任投票中获胜。在保加利亚,一位前共产党人(宣称热爱欧盟的获胜者)和一位法西斯支持者(宣称自己痛恨土耳其人、吉普赛人犹太人)参加了总统选举,不久以后,保加利亚就加入了欧盟。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/b0uz7UN/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now