El regreso de la política industrial

CAMBRIDGE – El Primer Ministro  británico, Gordon Brown, la promueve como medio para crear empleos muy especializados. El Presidente francés, Nicolas Sarkozy, habla de utilizarla para mantener empleos industriales en su país. El economista jefe del Banco Mundial, Justin Lin, la apoya claramente para acelerar el cambio estructural en las naciones en desarrollo. McKinsey está asesorando a los gobiernos sobre cómo hacerlo correctamente.

La política industrial está de vuelta.

De hecho, la política industrial nunca pasó de moda. Los economistas entusiastas del neoliberal Consenso de Washington pueden haberla descartado, pero las economías de éxito siempre han confiado en las políticas estatales que fomentan el crecimiento acelerando la transformación estructural.

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