Margaret Scott

Возвращение к 1948 году

ТЕЛЬ-АВИВ – Предстоящая конференция Организации Объединенных Наций, знаменующая собой 60-ую годовщину БАПОР (Ближневосточное агентство ООН для помощи палестинским беженцам и организации работ), не могла состояться в более подходящий момент. Возвращение земель, занятых в 1967 году, вероятнее всего так и останется обязательным условием решения палестино-израильского конфликта, однако теперь центральным вопросом конфликта с обеих сторон является наследство войны 1948 года.

Как это ни странно, именно израильский премьер-министр Биньямин Нетаньяху вновь вернулся к проблеме войны 1948 года, потребовав, чтобы палестинцы признали Израиль в качестве еврейского государства. Это требование вернуло проблему поиска мира к ее истокам, где основную роль играет вопрос беженцев.

Намерение Нетаньяху заключалось в том, чтобы вынудить палестинцев признать то, что право на возвращение беженцев распространяется только на палестинское государство, но не на Израиль. Однако истинное значение его требования заключается в том, что оно было сделано в тот момент, когда политика премьер-министра Саляма Файяда призывает палестинское национальное движение к тому, чтобы совершить выбор между реабилитацией и построением государства.

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