Кризис взаимодействия

ПАРИЖ – Подъем в странах с формирующейся рыночной экономикой во всем мире вселяет оптимизм, не только с точки зрения экономического развития, но и с точки зрения глобального сотрудничества. Однако переход к многополярному миру не содействовал многосторонним отношениям. На самом деле, с точностью до наоборот: аргументация национальной независимости стимулировала возврат в прежнее состояние, при котором страны с промышленно развитой экономикой сводят на нет сотрудничество по проблемам, связанным с безопасностью, торговлей и изменениями климата.

Рассмотрим запутанную ситуацию в Совете безопасности ООН относительно гражданской войны в Сирии. Всего два года назад Совет одобрил резолюцию, разрешающую военное вторжение в Ливию – первую резолюцию по применению принципа «Обязанность защищать» (R2P), единогласно принятого на Генеральной Ассамблее в 2005 году.

Мировые державы вскоре уверовали, что Запад использовал защиту гражданского населения Ливии в качестве предлога для смены политического режима (хотя фактически было бы невозможно защитить население без свержения правительства Муаммара аль-Кадаффи). В настоящее время эти страны в большинстве случаев выступают против принципа R2P, рассматривая его в качестве инструмента, используемого западными правительствами для признания законными их попыток посягательства на национальный суверенитет.

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    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

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