Las prioridades correctas para el G8

Durante los preparativos para la reunión del G8 en Escocia entre el 6 y el 8 de junio, el Primer Ministro británico Tony Blair ha hecho un llamado a la comunidad internacional para fijar las prioridades globales correctas, las cuales ha definido inequívocamente como África y el calentamiento global. Blair tiene razón al desafiarnos a establecer prioridades, pero su opción es probablemente incorrecta. Si bien debemos aceptar el desafío, también debemos fijar las prioridades adecuadas.

Rara vez los líderes políticos plantean prioridades claras, ya que prefieren dar la impresión de que son capaces de dar de todo a todos. Deben trabajar con burocracias, las que naturalmente tienen poca inclinación a que se prioricen sus tareas, a menos que queden al tope de la lista de prioridades. Siempre que priorizamos, no sólo decimos que deberíamos hacer más (lo cual es bueno), sino también dónde no deberíamos aumentar nuestros esfuerzos (lo que se considera como algo cínico).

Sin embargo, no hablar acerca de las prioridades no hace que desaparezca la necesidad de priorizar. En lugar de ello, las opciones sólo se vuelven menos claras, menos democráticas y menos eficientes. Negarse a priorizar, abordando solamente los problemas más publicitados, es incorrecto. Imaginemos a los doctores de un hospital perpetuamente sobrepasado, negándose a preparar a los pacientes para una cirugía importante y meramente atendiéndolos a medida que llegan y apresurándose a tratar a aquellos cuyas familias hacen más escándalo. Negarse a priorizar es injusto, desperdicia recursos y tiene un coste en vidas.

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