Paul Lachine

La parodia de Putin

MOSCÚ – La historia del régimen autoritario en Rusia muestra una cierta regularidad deprimente. Tales regímenes raramente mueren por choques externos o por presión de la oposición. Por regla general, mueren inesperadamente de algún trastorno interno –por un disgusto existencial irresistible con ellos mismos o por agotamiento propio.

El régimen zarista soportó muchas duras pruebas durante su larga historia: revueltas de campesinos, conspiraciones y la alienación de las clases educadas. En enero de 1917, desde el exilio suizo, Lenin comentó con amargura y desesperanza que: “Nosotros los viejos, dudosamente viviremos las batallas decisivas de la próxima revolución. Pero…los jóvenes tal vez tendrán la suerte no sólo de pelear, sino de ganar finalmente la próxima revolución proletaria.” En marzo siguiente, sin embargo, el zar Nicolas II se vio obligado a abdicar.

El secretario general, Yuri Andropov, murió en 1984, dejando un país limpio de disidentes. Pero cuando varios años después, uno de sus ex primeros secretarios regionales, es decir Boris Yeltsin, firmó un decreto que prohibía el Partido Comunista, ninguno de los 18 millones de miembros del partido salió a las calles a protestar.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/y2ZLzCj/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now