Problém priorit

KODAŇ – V tomto desetiletí došlo k pozoruhodnému pokroku v oblasti největších problémů lidstva. Vzpomeňme na vyhlášení vítězství nad obrnou v Indii, které se před deseti lety zdálo nemožné. V lednu uplynul jeden rok od posledního hlášeného případu obrny v zemi. Anebo se podívejme na pokroky v boji proti malárii: počet případů se v posledních deseti letech snížil o 17% a počet úmrtí klesl o 26%.

Navzdory globálnímu populačnímu růstu a hospodářské krizi absolutní chudoba – tedy podíl lidí žijících za méně než 1,25 dolaru denně – ve všech regionech světa klesá. Rozvojového cíle tisíciletí OSN v podobě snížení extrémní chudoby na polovinu se podařilo dosáhnout s pětiletým předstihem.

Ještě před několika málo lety byla mužská obřízka coby nástroj v boji proti HIV/AIDS do značné míry neznámá. Dnes ji UNAIDS a Světová zdravotnická organizace doporučují jako prostředek boje proti HIV/AIDS a více než deset afrických zemí zavádí strategie na zvýšení její dostupnosti. Podobně i koncept využívání geoinženýrství k reakci na klimatické změny se přesunul z oblasti science fiction do oblasti seriózního výzkumu.

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