Цена молчания СМИ

САНТЬЯГО – В 1986 году оппозиционного журналиста Хосе Карраско Тапиа вытащили из его дома в Сантьяго, Чили, солдаты одного из эскадронов смерти генерала Августа Пиночета. Ему выстрелили в затылок13 раз и бросили на кладбище вместе с огромным числом других латиноамериканских репортеров, зверски убитых за то, что они отважились говорить в 1970-х и 1980-х годах.

В то время похищения, пытки и убийства мертвой хваткой держали прессу Латинской Америки; стенография была намного более безопасным выбором для передачи новостей. После того как Латинская Америка прошла длинный путь к демократии, все больше репортеров выбирают проведение журналистских расследований, а не простое перепечатывание правительственных отчетов для прессы.

В особенности, акцентируясь на коррупции в правительстве, нападки храбрых журналистов стали похожи скорее на азартную игру, а не на призвание – и разозлили многих коррупционеров. Сегодня многие латиноамериканские правительства - в страхе перед тем, что СМИ выставят напоказ их правонарушения, - изменили тактику своего поведения, однако сохранили намерение ограничить свободу прессы.

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