Después de Ahmadinejad

WASHINGTON, DC – Esfandiar Rahim Mashai, el sucesor preferido del Presidente del Irán, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, no va a presentarse a las elecciones del 14 de junio. Tampoco lo hará el ex Presidente Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. La descalificación de los dos es un mensaje contundente del Dirigente Supremo, Ayatolá Ali Hoseini Jamenei. Dicho sencillamente, Jamenei no está dispuesto a tolerar disminución alguna de su poder y está decidido a evitar la clase de fricciones que ha caracterizado sus relaciones con presidentes anteriores, en particular Ahmadinejad.

La descalificación de Mashai y Rafsanjani revela una vez más el cisma inherente a la estructura política del Irán por la existencia de un ejecutivo doble: el Dirigente Supremo y el Presidente. Cuando Jamenei apoyó públicamente la polémica reelección de Ahmadinejad en 2009, nadie podía haber previsto las tensiones sin precedentes que surgirían posteriormente entre las dos autoridades principales del país.

Pero la de apoyar a Ahmadinejad resultó ser una decisión costosa para Jamenei y para la República Islámica. En lugar de alinearse con Jamenei, como se esperaba, Ahmadinejad empezó a promover un programa nacionalista y anticlerical utilizando, en realidad, los recursos de Jamenei para desafiar la autoridad del dirigente supremo y establecer sus propias red económica y esfera de influencia.

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