Paul Lachine

Bezmoc mocných

NEW YORK – Elity jsou ve všech koutech světa v obležení. Aktivisté pořádající „čajové dýchánky“ v amerických satelitních městečkách zuří a tepou takzvané liberální elity New Yorku, Washingtonu a Hollywoodu. Populističtí demagogové v Evropě, například Geert Wilders v Nizozemsku, zuří a tepou „usmiřovatele“ islámu z řad elit. V Thajsku zase demonstranti z venkovského severovýchodu země, odění do červených triček, běsní a tepou vojenské, společenské a politické elity z Bangkoku.

Prvním principem demokracie je, že vláda se musí zakládat na všeobecném souhlasu, i když ji třeba tvoří strany, jež mnoho lidí nevolilo. Celosvětová zlost namířená proti voleným vládám jasně ukazuje, že tento konsenzus se nebezpečně třepí. Víc a víc lidí v demokratických zemích trápí pocity nedostatečného zastoupení, obavy a vztek. A vinu přičítají elitám.

Jde sice o fenomén celosvětový, ale jeho příčiny se stát od státu liší. Americký populismus není stejný jako populismus thajský. Ve Spojených státech hrají významnou úlohu kultura a rasa – například kultura nošení zbraně a znechucení černošským prezidentem s diplomem z Harvardu, který hovoří jako profesor práva.

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