La Pobreza del Pensamiento Acerca de la Pobreza

La Cumbre Mundial para el Desarrollo Sostenible que tiene lugar en Johanesburgo contempla, como era de esperarse, varias promesas audaces. Pero la reunión en sí misma está destinada a ser un mero ejercicio fútil, pues si con el término "desarrollo" queremos dar a entender desarrollo humano en el sentido más general, el único desarrollo que es sostenible es uno que permita a la gente vivir juntos y en paz y respetando los derechos humanos básicos.

Hay muy poco campo de acción internacional para eliminar la violación de esos derechos en muchos, si no la mayoría, de los países del mundo actual, particularmente aquellos que intentan convertir la "Cumbre de la Tierra" en una caja de resonancia de las críticas contra la incapacidad que han mostrado los países avanzados para hacer más por erradicar la pobreza mundial o por proteger el ambiente.

Por lo menos deberíamos agradecer el hecho de que esos dos temas, la pobreza y el ambiente, serán los principales asuntos a discutir durante la Cumbre de la Tierra. Eso implica retirarse de las fijaciones comunes de los primeros grupos de presión de desarrollo sostenible, temas como el supuesto agotamiento de las materias primas para el crecimiento, o la plena incapacidad técnica del mundo para alimentar a su creciente población, o la biodiversidad.

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