Роботы на мозге

КАЛГАРИ – Когда Харви Кушинг и Уильям Боуи в 1926 году представили миру электрокоагуляцию (когда при помощи высокочастотного тока запечатываются кровеносные сосуды и делаются надрезы), их инновация трансформировала нейрохирургию. Учитывая точность, необходимую для работы на таком тонком органе, как мозг, сближение механических технологий и искусства хирургии катализировало прогресс в данной области.

Развитие нейрохирургии всегда идет по пути минимализма. Как и в любой другой хирургии, чем меньше процедура затрагивает тело, тем меньше вероятность отрицательно повлиять на качество жизни пациента и тем раньше пациент сможет вернуться к нормальной деятельности.

Этот императив становится еще более выраженным в случае чувствительных неврологических процедур. Такие задачи, как вмешательство в мелкие кровеносные сосуды, 1-2 миллиметра в диаметре, или удаление опухоли головного мозга без повреждений окружающих тканей, требуют применения технологий, таких как операционный микроскоп и мультимодальные инструменты визуализации, которые дополняют навыки хирурга и увеличивают его возможности.

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