脑中机器人

卡尔加里—当哈维·库欣(Harvey Cushing)和威廉·博威(William Bovie)于1926年引入电灼(用高频电流封闭血管或制造切口),他们的创新改变了神经外科学。对于像大脑这样精致的器官,手术的精密度要求极高,医疗技术和手术艺术的结合刺激了该领域的进步。

神经外科的进步永远追求简约。与其他外科领域一样,手术过程干预肢体越少,对病人生活质量的副作用就越小,病人恢复正常活动所需的时间也越短。

这一点在敏感神经手术中愈加重要。摆弄直径一二毫米的小血管,或在不伤害组织的情况下切除脑部肿瘤,这样的任务需要手术显微镜和多态成像工具(multimodal imaging tool)等技术,以补充完善外科医生的技能、增强他们的能力。

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