为什么富人更健康

杜伦—1842年,英国社会改革家查德威克(Edwin Chadwick)的文章披露,最穷社会阶层和上流人士之间存在30年的寿命预期差。如今,英国最丰裕地区的人民(如肯辛顿和切尔西)期望寿命比最贫穷城市(比如格拉斯哥)高14岁。

如此不平等性在所有发达国家或多或少地存在。贫穷阶层的生活在美国新自由主义制度下尤其悲惨,在某些美国城市(比如新奥尔良),预期寿命差距可达25年。

理解并减少这一健康不平等性仍是全世界面临的主要公共政策挑战。这不仅是个道德问题;健康不平等性导致了严重的经济成本。但这一不平等性的原因是复杂的,仍有待争议,解决方案也难以出台。

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