挫折感の政治

極端な貧困は暴力を生み出し、最終的に改革を引き起こすだろうか?多くの人はこれを肯定しており、その考え方によって、ゲリラの反乱からイスラム派テロリズムにわたる数々の現象を説明しようとしている。

しかし、19世紀の偉大な社会分析家であったカール・マルクスとアレクシス・ド・トクビルの二人の方がよほど、何が人々の動機になり、何が社会を変えさせるのかをよく知っていたと言えよう。極端な貧困は反乱ではなく無関心を生み出す。最も貧しい人々は、せいぜい怒りの感情を表現するのに時折引き合いに出されるくらいで、テロリストや革命が作り出される材料ではない。

いかなる社会においても、より危機的なのは、新たなコンディションへ向けて動き始めたものの、それ以上先へ進む道は塞がれていることに気がついた人々のグループである。その要望と野心はその環境においては非現実的ではないのだが、彼らは挫折感を抱いている。物事は彼らが望むほど早くは進まず、それどころか、彼らの管理外のコンディションが原因で、まんじりともしない。機会はあっても、それを掴めず、実現されないのである。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/lQYSMfw/ja;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.