La politique de la frustration

L'extrême pauvreté engendre-t-elle la violence, et, au final, la révolution ? Beaucoup le pensent, et cherchent ainsi l'explication de phénomènes allant des guérillas  au terrorisme islamiste.

Karl Marx et Alexis de Tocqueville, les deux grands analystes sociaux du dix-neuvième siècle, étaient plus au fait du mode de fonctionnement des êtres, et de ce qui fait changer les sociétés. La misère engendre l'apathie, pas la rébellion. Si les plus déshérités peuvent être utilisés au mieux pour des manifestations de colère ponctuelles, ils ne constituent pas l'étoffe des terroristes ou des révolutionnaires.

Le groupe vraiment critique, dans n'importe quelle société, est celui dont les membres ont commencé à acquérir de nouvelles conditions de vie et se retrouvent dans une impasse. Leurs désirs et leurs ambitions n'ont rien d'irréalistes en les circonstances, mais ils sont frustrés. Les choses n'évoluent pas aussi vite qu'ils le voudraient, ou pas du tout, à cause de conditions qu'ils ne contrôlent pas. Les opportunités existent, mais ne peuvent être saisies ou concrétisées.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.