Skip to main content

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated Cookie policy, Privacy policy and Terms & Conditions

pa2480c.jpg Paul Lachine

The Political Economy of Peace

January 16 marks the 20th anniversary of the peace agreement between El Salvador’s government and the FMLN guerrillas. El Salvador’s experience provides key lessons that should serve as a model for other transitions to peace.

MONTEVIDEO – January 16 marks the 20th anniversary of the peace agreement between El Salvador’s government and the Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN). Signed at Mexico City’s Chapultepec Castle, the agreement ended a 12-year civil war that killed roughly 100,000 in a country of about five million people.

Anniversaries provide an opportunity to reflect on the lessons of the past, as well as on setting new paths for the future. This is particularly fitting in light of post-conflict countries’ dismal record in accomplishing a transition to peace; since the end of the Cold War, roughly half of them have reverted to conflict within a few years, while most of the rest ended up highly dependent on foreign aid.

El Salvador stands out as an exception in both respects. Compliance with the peace agreement led to a perfectly observed cease-fire, in contrast to countries such as Angola, Timor-Leste, Iraq, Afghanistan, and others that relapsed into conflict. The country also managed to keep the peace without becoming aid-dependent.

We hope you're enjoying Project Syndicate.

To continue reading, subscribe now.

Subscribe

Get unlimited access to PS premium content, including in-depth commentaries, book reviews, exclusive interviews, On Point, the Big Picture, the PS Archive, and our annual year-ahead magazine.

https://prosyn.org/CduUJ45;
  1. leonard52_Frank Augstein - WPA PoolGetty Images_borisjohnsonthumbsup Frank Augstein/WPA/Pool/Getty Images

    The End of the EU’s Brexit Bounce

    Mark Leonard

    After years of watching the United Kingdom muddle through a political crisis while enjoying an unprecedented level of unity among themselves, Europeans now must prepare for darker days. Negotiations over the future UK-EU relationship will inevitably divide Europeans and offer fodder to Euroskeptics.

    1

Edit Newsletter Preferences